Current IssueFall 2012

EDITORIAL

Richard MacKinnon, Editor in Chief
Cape Breton University

 

 

ARTICLES

Marianne P. Stopp

The Coast Salish Knitters and the Cowichan Sweater: An Event of National Historic Significance

Abstract: Long before the arrival of Europeans, the Coast Salish First Nations of southwestern Vancouver Island turned mountain goat wool, dog hair and plant fibres into woven textiles of great value among the peoples of the Pacific Northwest. Around 1860, Coast Salish women in the Cowichan Valley were introduced to European two-needle and multiple-needle knitting and began to produce what came to be known as the Cowichan sweater. Preparation combined ancient fibre processing and spinning techniques with European knitting to produce a high-quality, iconic garment. Profit margins for the knitters were minimal, but knitting provided an economic foothold in a new and challenging market-based economy. In 2011, the Government of Canada designated the Coast Salish Knitters and the Cowichan Sweater as an event of national historic significance on the advice of the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada.

Ana Carolina Hosne

The "Art of Memory" in the Jesuit Missions in Peru and China in the Late 16th Century

Abstract: This article focuses on the "art of memory" in the Jesuit missions in colonial Peru and Ming China, especially through the works of José de Acosta (1540-1600) and Matteo Ricci (1552-1610). Jesuit education promoted training on how to enhance artificial memory in the colleges, and this interest in memory also circulated among the missions outside Europe. The Jesuits in Peru allowed and actually encouraged the use of the pre-Hispanic quipus—knotted-string devices—for memorization of doctrine and for confession. In turn, in the China mission, Ricci addressed the Chinese literati, presenting the Western Method of Memory or Xiguo Jifa (1596) as an ars memorativa from the West, especially when ars memorativa was intended as preparation for passing the civil examinations required to hold official posts in the Ming Empire. The purpose of this article is to answer why and how these Jesuits resorted to memory, and memory rules and techniques in these missions.

Paul Van der Grijp

The Paradox of the Philatelic Business: Turning a Private Collection into a Professional Trade

Abstract: Money plays a crucial part in the popular hobby known as philately. Most professional dealers in the world of philately used to be amateur philatelic collectors. Moreover, many professional dealers continue to expand their personal philatelic collection in some way. Not only are there various dealers, there are also different kinds of philatelic collectors. In trying to understand collectors' motivations, we should refrain from simplistic, reductionist, mono-causal explanations, and so I propose a configurational model that combines psychological, sociological, economic and educational motives. I suggest that, among dealers, the motivation of education (learning and transmitting knowledge related to the collection), combined with the other motivations, continues to play an important part. The conclusion deals with changes in the contemporary philatelic market.

REASEARCH REPORTS


Vanessa Merminod

L'exposition : un nouvel objet de patrimoine ? Regards sur l'exposition Mémoires du Musée de la civilisation de Québec.

Edward M. Langille

The Trials of Lillian Burke

Anthony Di Mascio

Material Culture and Schooling: Possible New Explorations in the History of Canadian Education

J. Victor Owen, D. Lorenzen and A. Saulnier

Lorenzen Pottery: Fifty Years in the Making

Fiona P. McDonald

Woollen Blankets in Contemporary Art: Mutable and Mobile Materials in the Work of Sonny Assu

BOOK REVIEWS


Benjamin Staple

The True Image: Gravestone Art and the Culture of Scotch Irish Settlers in the Pennsylvania and Carolina Backcountry

John Bodner

Labour Landmarks in New Brunswick/Lieux Historiques Ouvriers au Nouveau-Brunswick

Jacqueline McIsaac

Picturing the Land: Narrating Territories in Canadian Landscape Art, 1500-1950

Cynthia Boyd

American Quilts in the Modern Age, 1870-1940